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Formed: 1850
Population: 37,253,956 people
Area: 163,696 sq/ kilometres

California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. Nicknamed "The Golden State," it is the most populous [4] and third-largest state by land area, after Alaska and Texas. It is home to the nation's second- and sixth-largest census statistical areas and eight of the nation's 50 most populous cities. Its five largest cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, and Fresno. California's capital is Sacramento. California's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast to the west, to the Sierra Nevada Mountains in the east, to the Mojave Desert areas in the southeast and to the Redwood–Douglas fir forests of the northwest. The center of the state is dominated by the Central Valley, a major agricultural area. California contains both the highest (Mount Whitney) and lowest (Death Valley) points in the contiguous United States. Earthquakes are a common occurrence due to the state's location along the Pacific Ring of Fire, with about 37 thousand recorded annually. The name California once referred to a large area of North America claimed by Spain that included much of modern-day Southwestern United States and the Baja California peninsula. Beginning in the late 18th century, the area known as Alta California, comprising the California territory north of the Baja Peninsula, was colonized by the Spanish Empire as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1821, Alta California became a part of Mexico following its successful war for independence. Shortly after the beginning of the Mexican-American War in 1846, a group of American settlers in Sonoma declared an independent California Republic in Alta California. Though its existence was short-lived, its flag became the precursor for California's current state flag. American victory in the war led to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, in which Mexico ceded Alta California to the United States. Western areas of Alta California became the state of California, which was admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush beginning in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic change, with large scale immigration from the U.S. and abroad and an accompanying economic boom. Key developments in the early 20th century included the emergence of Los Angeles as the center of the American entertainment industry, and the growth of a large, state-wide tourism sector. The late 20th century saw the development of the technology and information sectors, punctuated by the growth of Silicon Valley. In addition to California's prosperous agricultural industry, other important contributors to its economy include aerospace, education, and manufacturing. If California were a country, it would be the eighth-largest economy in the world and the 35th most populous nation. California's climate varies from Mediterranean to subarctic. Much of the state has a Mediterranean climate, with cool, rainy winters and dry summers. The cool California Current offshore often creates summer fog near the coast. Further inland, one encounters colder winters and hotter summers. Northern parts of the state average higher annual rainfall than the south. California's mountain ranges influence the climate as well: some of the rainiest parts of the state are west-facing mountain slopes. Northwestern California has a temperate climate, and the Central Valley has a Mediterranean climate but with greater temperature extremes than the coast. The high mountains, including the Sierra Nevada, have a mountain climate with snow in winter and mild to moderate heat in summer. Snow on the mountains of Southern California. The east side of California's mountains produce a rain shadow, creating expansive deserts. The higher elevation deserts of eastern California see hot summers and cold winters, while the low deserts east of the southern California mountains experience hot summers and nearly frostless mild winters. Death Valley, a desert with large expanses below sea level, is considered the hottest location in North America; the highest temperature in the Western Hemisphere, 134 °F (57 °C), was recorded there on July 10, 1913. The culture of California is a Western culture and most clearly has its modern roots in the culture of the United States, but also, historically, many Hispanic influences. As a border and coastal state, Californian culture has been greatly influenced by several large immigrant populations, especially those from Latin America. California is a true melting pot as well as an international crossroad to the U.S. California has long been a subject of interest in the public mind and has often been promoted by its boosters as a kind of paradise. In the early 20th Century, fueled by the efforts of state and local boosters, many Americans saw the Golden State as an ideal resort destination, sunny and dry all year round with easy access to the ocean and mountains. In the 1960s, popular music groups such as the Beach Boys promoted the image of Californians as laid-back, tanned beach-goers. In terms of socio-cultural mores and national politics, Californians are perceived as more liberal than other Americans, especially those who live in the inland states. In some ways, California is the quintessential Blue State-- accepting of alternative lifestyles, not uniformly religious, and preoccupied with environmental issues. The gold rush of the 1850s is still seen as a symbol of California's economic style, which tends to generate technology, social, entertainment, and economic fads and booms and related busts. State of California Website Wikipedia Entry


Journal Entries



Distance Traveled: 2014 km
Distance Ascended: 0 m
Distance Descended: 0 m
Energy Consumed: 0 calories
Overall Cost: $0.00
    Food: $0.00
    Drink: $0.00
    Transport: $0.00
    Entertainment: $0.00
    Equipment: $0.00
    Misc: $0.00
Longest Day: 2009-10-11 - 202.00 km
Most Climbed: 2011-09-06 - 0.00 m
Most Energy Burned: 2011-09-06 - 0.00 calories
Most Expensive Day: 2011-09-06 - $ 0.00

Daily Statistics

Date Location Distance (km) Cost ($CAD) Map
2011-09-06 Los Angeles, CA, US 0.00 $0.00
2011-09-05 Los Angeles, CA, US 0.00 $0.00
2009-10-12 San Ysidro, CA, USA 161.00 $ Map
2009-10-11 Dana Point, CA, USA 202.00 $ Map
2009-10-10 Leo Carillo State Park, CA, USA 147.00 $ Map
2009-10-09 Refugio Beach, CA, USA 133.00 $ Map
2009-10-08 Oceano, CA, USA 98.00 $ Map
2009-10-07 San Simeon State Park, CA, USA 120.00 $ Map
2009-10-06 Big Sur, CA, USA 55.00 $ Map
2009-10-05 Pebble Beach, CA, USA 0.00 $ Map
2009-10-04 Pebble Beach, CA, USA 84.00 $ Map
2009-10-03 New Brighton State Park, CA, USA 99.00 $ Map
2009-10-02 Half Moon Bay, CA, USA 60.00 $ Map
2009-10-01 San Francisco, CA, USA 139.00 $ Map
2009-09-30 Bodega Bay, CA, USA 87.00 $ Map
2009-09-29 Gualala, CA, USA 87.00 $ Map
2009-09-28 Fort Bragg, CA, USA 97.00 $ Map
2009-09-27 Legett, CA, USA 75.00 $ Map
2009-09-26 Meyers Flatts, CA, USA 140.00 $ Map
2009-09-25 Patricks Point State Park, CA, USA 86.00 $ Map
2009-09-24 Crescent City, CA, USA 144.00 $ Map


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