Mexico BICYCLE TOURING STATISTICS
A large part of Mexico is high plateau flanked by mountain ranges to the east and west. In the southeast lies the Yucat'n Peninsula, an extensive limestone plain that is only slightly above sea level. The climate depends on latitude and altitude: lowlands are hot and humid; the high plateau is cooler in summer and cold in winter; the north is arid; and the southern coastal regions get the most rainfall. Situated atop three tectonic plates, Mexico experiences frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity. Mexico is the world's most populous Spanish-speaking country, and the population is heterogeneous and multicultural. Mexicans are highly urbanized and most reside within the densely populated central plateau region, or 'waist,' of the country, including the cities of Veracruz, Mexico City, and Guadalajara. The majority of Mexicans are of mixed Spanish and Indian descent, but there are also 56 indigenous groups recognized by the government, totaling some 12 million people. Indigenous Indian languages are still spoken; the most popular are Nahuatl (language of the Aztec Empire), with 1.5 million speakers, and Mayan, with 1.2 million speakers. Many of the indigenous languages are in decline, and UNESCO lists 143 as endangered. Mexico declared independence from Spain in 1810 and went through a series of autocratic governments before the 1910-17 Mexican Revolution. The 1917 constitution made Mexico a federal democracy (like the U.S.). Mexico has evolved into a highly industrialized economy and is a major oil producer. It has free trade agreements with more than 40 countries, including the United States. Mexico is highly dependent on U.S. trade, sending 80 percent of its exports to the U.S. Also, millions of American tourists visit Mexico each year. An estimated 12.7 million Mexican immigrants live in the U.S. (half illegally), sending billions of dollars in remittances to their families in Mexico.
77% of Mexican(s) live in urban centers, and 91% can read and write one of the many languages such as Spanish, Mayan, Nahuatl, other indigenous languages. Mexican(s) have an average life expectancy rate of 75 years and most follow the Roman Catholic, Protestant religions. 13.7% Agriculture of Mexican(s) work in the agriculture industry which produces , and 23.4% Industry work in the industry producing food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism. Another 62.9% Services work in the services sector such as tourism and retail environments. manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton are regularly exported to other countries in the world from Mexico. The Gross Domestic Product per capita is $13,500 with -6.50% annual growth.
Mexico uses the telephone country code of 52 and internet hosts use the .mx suffix. Mexico uses the Peso (MXN).
The name was originally used in reference to pesos oro (gold weights) or pesos plata (silver weights). The literal English translation of the Spanish word peso is weight. A portrait of Benito Juarez is the dominant feature on the front of the note. Juarez of native stock, was largely self- educated, became a lawyer, a judge and Minister of Justice. He supported the oppressed and opposed the dictatorship of General Santa Anna. There were very turbulent times in Mexico in the 1850's & 1860's. Juarez served two terms as President of Mexico; he died in office in 1872. He was a contemporary of Abraham Lincoln with whom he held similar views and they apparently corresponded at length over a number of years. At the centre of the note is a design very similar to the coat of arms of Mexico. Based on an ancient Aztec sign, the design features an eagle perched on its left leg on a cactus branch and fruits as it holds a rattle snake in the other leg and its beak. Below the cactus are oak branches symbolising strength and laurel branches symbolizing victory. Here the eagle is front-on with wings spread, whereas on the coat of arms its wings are partly furled and it is depicted in left profile. The 20 Peso Banknote is the lowest valued currency as of 2009 in circulation.
(One Canadian Dollar equals 0 MXN)
Best Beer: Dos Equis XX
Visa Cost: No cost
Visa Length: 90 days
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